Birth Injury Compensation Claims

For free legal advice call our Medical Negligence Solicitors and we will help you. Ask if we can deal with your claim on a No Win, No Fee basis.

Call us on 0808 239 6043

If you or your child has suffered an injury during birth because to medical negligence, we could help you claim birth injury compensation.   

We understand the physical and mental effects of birth injury on the child and mother. We offer a Free Claims Assessment and can support you through the whole claims process. We always aim to make it as stress free as possible.

Our Birth Injury Lawyers will speak to you in simple, easy to understand language every step of the way. We’ll use our expertise to advise on all aspects of your case and maximise your compensation.

Making a claim can give you a sense of justice and can help to drive process changes to try to avoid other people going through similar experiences.

Meet some of our Birth Injury Claims Solicitors

Call us on 0808 239 6043 or request a callback

Our specialist Medical Negligence Solicitors have a proven track record in representing mothers and children in birth injury compensation claims. Examples include:

What Are Birth Related Injuries?

Birth injuries happen for a variety of reasons. Minor injuries like bruising and swelling do happen, but severe cases can have long lasting effects.  

Although healthcare professionals are trained, things can still go wrong. Medical malpractice causing a birth injury might include:

  • Any mismanagement during the delivery of the baby
  • Failing to intervene in labour if the baby is in distress
  • Failing to record or check medical history
  • Failing to spot or correctly identify conditions in the mother or child
  • Delays in diagnosis or treatment
  • Any other oversight that puts your baby at risk

If it can be proved that a healthcare professional or institution has performed below the standard of care, you could have grounds to make a birth injury compensation claim.

What Are the Types of Birth Injuries to Babies?

There is a range of possible injuries, conditions and illnesses that can occur as a result of substandard care during childbirth. Among them are cuts, fractures and injuries caused by using instruments to deliver your baby, injuries caused by shoulder dystocia and brain injuries caused by a lack of oxygen.

Other common examples include:

Cerebral Palsy

This neurological disorder affects motor skills, leading to physical and cognitive impairment that can manifest in several ways. It might affect the legs, arms or face, causing problems with walking and general movement, along with communication skills. It can even result in severe disability that requires lifelong care.

Although cerebral palsy is incurable, with the right medication, therapy, technology and support your child can reach their full potential.

Erb's Palsy

Erb's Palsy is a physical disorder that affects the nerves in the shoulders. Erb’s Palsy is also referred to as Obstetric Brachial Plexus injury (OBPi).

It can be caused by a trauma during birth and results in loss of feeling, weakness and, in more severe cases, paralysis in the affected arm. You could claim birth injury compensation for your child if the trauma is caused by medical negligence.

It’s possible to recover from Erb's Palsy, although this isn't guaranteed. For many it will be a lifelong condition that requires a variety of treatments and therapies to make it more manageable.

Klumpke's Palsy

Klumpke's Palsy is a physical condition that damages the nerves in the arm. This type affects the forearm and hand and restricts movement.

Once again, the major cause is a trauma during childbirth, such as a shoulder becoming caught on the pubic bone. Although the nerve damage can heal on its own, surgery and further therapy is often required to correct and treat it.


A stillborn baby is one that dies after the 24th week of pregnancy, either in the womb or in the uterus. This can be for several reasons, including infections, birthing trauma, pre-eclampsia and prematurity. If due to a medical mistake, you could claim compensation for medical negligence causing stillbirth.

What Are the Types of Birth Injuries to Mothers?

As well as surgical errors relating to Caesareans, common injuries affecting mothers that lead to birth injury claims include:

Perineal tears

Perineal tears affect the mother and are quite common due to the levels of stress the body undergoes during childbirth.

The severity of the tear is graded in degrees (1st through to 4th), with 1st degree tears rarely leading to further complications. 4th degree tears are more significant and require quick and specialist treatment.

One common cause of severe tears is shoulder dystocia, which happens when one of the baby’s shoulders gets stuck behind the mother’s pubic bone. Failure to recognise and correctly deal with more serious degree tears can lead to severe pain and further side-effects including psychological problems and problem with your bowel.

Retained products of conception

A retained product of conception can mean any form of tissue that is left in the uterus following a birth, such as the placenta, or as a result of a miscarriage. This can cause internal bleeding and an increased risk of infection.

Who Can Make a Birth Injury Claim?

If you or your child has suffered a birth injury because of medical negligence, you could make a claim for birth injury compensation. You could claim against the NHS or a private healthcare provider.  

To qualify, the medical care you received must have fallen below an acceptable standard and have caused or materially contributed to the injury. Proving this can be difficult as birth injury cases are often complex.

Speaking to our experienced Birth Injury Solicitors could give you the clarity you’re looking for.

When you’re ready to get in touch for a confidential Free Claims Assessment, our friendly legal experts will talk through your situation and tell you if we think you could make a claim. If we do, we’ll explain your options in plain, easy to understand language. There’s no obligation to make a claim if you don’t want to.

How Much Can I Claim For a Birth Injury?

Every birth injury claim is different, as you can see in our Medical Negligence Case Studies. The level of compensation awarded depends on the details of your case and how serious the birth injury was and how it’s affected you or your child now and in the future. But whatever your situation, we’ll do all we can to get you the amount you deserve.

Your Birth Injury Lawyer can give you an estimate of the amount you could receive once we understand the details of your case.   

What Can Birth Injury Compensation Cover?

Your compensation for medical negligence at birth could be based on a variety of factors including:

  • Your pain and suffering, including psychological damage if you were injured
  • Your child’s pain and suffering, if they were injured
  • Loss of past or future earnings if you’ve been forced to take time off, or you can’t work
  • Past and future care from family members and professionals and any travel expenses
  • Any therapies such as physiotherapy, speech and language therapy and occupational therapy
  • Accommodation and equipment

Unlike some other types of medical negligence claims, the long-term consequences of a medical mistake at birth on a child may not be known for many years. Your child’s claim won’t be finally settled for many years, as your child’s needs will change as they grow. If we can, we’ll get them ongoing payments.

Support From Our Wider Legal Teams

Our wider Legal Teams can give you support with other legal services related to your child’s birth injuries.

Court of Protection and PI Trusts

Our experienced Court of Protection and PI Trusts team can guide you to make the right choices about managing the compensation funds in future.

Settlements for birth injuries are often very high value and making the right choices makes sure that your child’s entitlement to means-tested care and benefits is preserved for the future, maximising the value of their award. If they will lack the capacity to manage their own affairs then we can advise on the appointment of a Deputy.

Education Law

Depending on your child’s needs, they may need an Education, Health and Care Plan, known as an EHCP, but the local authority usually won’t put this into place until just before your child starts school.

It outlines the Local Authority’s responsibilities to your child or young person for their education and care. It also outlines any health provision your child should receive.

Our expert Education Law team has helped many families to push their Local Authority to give their child the right provision for them and access all statutory services. They can appeal decisions by a Local Authority not to assess for an EHCP, not to issue an EHCP or even against the contents of an EHCP including asking for residential placements.

If provision is set out in an EHCP, it must be put in place. If it isn't, our team can advise on judicial review which may be a legal way of enforcing the EHCP.


Having an up to date Will is so important.

Your Will can make sure that your child is looked after if something happens to you.

Plan ahead and make a Will as soon as possible.

Case Management Teams

We work closely with all our external Case Management teams. It’s so important that you can get on with them so we’ll pick them carefully.

We’ll keep in touch with them regularly and review your file so we’re clear on what’s happening with your child and the rest of the family.

How to Claim For a Birth Injury

You should get independent legal advice from an expert in medical negligence if you or your child suffered an injury because of medical negligence during childbirth.

These cases can be especially complex and distressing, but our legal experts will give you the specialist experience and empathy you need.

If we think you have a case, we’ll work to make sure your birth injury compensation claim is treated fairly and that you get the compensation you’re entitled to.

Taking legal action can seem stressful, but you can leave the hard work to us. We’ll keep you updated every step of the way while you focus on your family.

Why Choose Simpson Millar as Your Birth Injury Solicitors?

Medical negligence at childbirth can be incredibly difficult to come to terms with. But once you’re ready to reach out, you’ll be putting your trust in some of the most dedicated and knowledgeable Birth Injury Solicitors in England and Wales.

  • Honest: We’re known as the “open lawyers”. You can trust in our honesty and transparency, and we’ll always speak to you in easy to understand language with no legal jargon.
  • Human: We provide emotional support too. Our team will strive to get your family the best possible outcome, keeping you updated from beginning to end. We’ll also work closely with the NHS to ensure that lessons are learnt.
  • Experienced: This area of law is complex, but our specialist Birth Injury Lawyers have the skills and knowhow required to make your case successful. Meet our legal experts.
  • Accredited: Many of our Lawyers are accredited by the Law Society. We’re members of its Clinical Negligence Accreditation scheme too, as well as the Action against Medical Accidents (AvMA) Solicitors referral panel.
  • Connected: We have a broad network of care experts and professionals who can make sure you receive the best support available. That includes partnerships with Stick n Step, The Child Brain Injury Trust and the Spinal Injuries Association.

What is the Birth Injury Compensation Claims Process Like?

Medical negligence birth injury claims can be complex cases which rely on several independent experts to carry out a thorough investigation. As such, the claims process can take a long time to reach a final settlement.

But rest assured that once we take on your case, we’ll take care of the difficult tasks. From arranging appointments with independent medical experts, to dealing with the other side and their Lawyers.

You can expect your birth injury compensation claims process with us to be like this:

  1. Get in touch for a Free Claims Assessment

    Call us on 0808 239 6043 or request a callback for a Free Claims Assessment. We’ll learn the details of your case and tell you if we can help.

  2. We’ll explain everything you need to know

    Our friendly team will talk you through key information such as the NHS Complaints procedure if this applies to your case.

  3. We’ll collect evidence

    We’ll work with independent medical experts to assess whether your care was substandard and caused avoidable harm.

  4. We’ll apply for an interim payment if possible

    We’ll try to get you an interim payment to help you with rehabilitation and other related costs while your case is ongoing

  5. Child settlements

    The Court will need to approve any settlement of a claim involving a child and it may be in your child’s best interests to not settle the claim early so medical experts can review how their needs are changing as they grow. We’ll always keep you up to date and what’s happening and give you advice on the settlement (or not) of your child’s claim.

  6. Setting Up a Personal Injury Trust

    Our Court of Protection team can offer you advice on setting up a PI Trust and appointing a Deputy to manage the Trust for you. The lifetime costs for this can be included in the claim.

Our Major Trauma Team

If you or a loved one has suffered a life-changing injury, we can help you get the right support and advice. With Simpson Millar, you’ll have a whole team on your side. We have some of the best personal injury solicitors in England and Wales and other specialist legal teams to meet all your needs. This should reassure you that you’ve come to the right place.

You’re probably facing many day-to-day challenges after your injury, so we want to make dealing with any legal issues as seamless and stress-free as possible. Then you can focus on your recovery and living a fulfilling, independent life.

Our dedicated team have the experience and knowledge to guide you through every step. We know choosing someone to help you can be an difficult decision, but hopefully we can prove that you’ve made the best choice.

Awards & Accreditations

A number of our Clinical and Medical Negligence Solicitors are members of the Law Society’s Medical Negligence Panel and AvMA Solicitors Referral Panel.

Check our full list of accreditations or browse the many awards we have won for our work. This includes several wins at the Personal Injury Awards.

Simpson Millar subscribes as a member of the AvMA Lawyer's Service and The Society of Clinical Injury Lawyers

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Childbirth Medical Negligence Frequently Asked Questions

How common are birth injuries?

Fortunately, most births go smoothly, with birth injuries that lead to further complications or ongoing conditions being relatively uncommon. Mistakes still happen however, as shown by NHS Resolution’s Annual report and accounts 2019/20.

NHS Resolution is the body set up to manage medical negligence claims made by NHS patients. The report shows that:

  • 9% (1,015) of clinical claims received in 2019/20 related to obstetrics (medicine and surgery relating to childbirth and midwifery)
  • These claims made up 50% (£2,389.9 million) of the total value of all clinical claims received

Recent figures released by the Royal College for Obstetricians and Gynaecologists meanwhile show that:

  • Of 677,192 babies born in the UK in 2017, 1,130 were seriously injured or worse during labour
  • Of the 986 cases with enough information to analyse the medical care given, reviewers judged that 714 cases might have had a better outcome with different care
How Much Does it Cost to Make a Birth Injury Claim?

You may be worried that taking legal action will bring added costs you simply can’t afford. Your injuries many have already affected you financially. But you could fund your case through a No Win, No Fee Agreement, which is also known as a Conditional Fee Agreement.

This means you won’t pay any legal fees if your birth injury compensation claim is unsuccessful. If your claim succeeds, you’ll pay us a success fee from your compensation which goes towards our legal costs. Your Solicitor will agree a percentage with you upfront so you know exactly where you stand. Read more about No Win, No Fee claims.    

Legal Aid is currently only available in medical negligence cases for a baby that has suffered a neurological injury before birth or under the age of 8 weeks old. We’ll chat through all your funding options when you contact us for a Free Claims Assessment.

How Long do You Have to Make a Birth Injury Claim?

If you’re a mother affected by issues related to birth injuries, there is a 3 year limit to make your claim. This is effective either from the date of when the medical negligence took place or from when your injury or its adverse effects were discovered.

Where your child is concerned, you have until their 18th birthday to make a claim on their behalf. After this, your child can make a claim for themselves and they have until their 21st birthday to do so. If they lack capacity because of their birth injury, the time limit doesn’t apply.

Whatever the situation, you should contact our legal experts as soon as possible. Acting early will help with gathering the accurate evidence needed to prove your case. It could also get you the financial and medical support you need sooner.

Who Pays Compensation For Medical Negligence at Birth?

It’s good to know your birth injury compensation won’t come directly out of a hospital’s budget as NHS Resolution has a budget to deal with all medical negligence claims directly. Private healthcare providers have their own insurers to handle negligence claims.

For free legal advice call our Medical Negligence Solicitors

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Simpson Millar Solicitors are a national law firm with over 500 staff and offices in Billingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Catterick, Lancaster, Leeds, Liverpool, London and Manchester.