Parents Face Rejection as 2016 School Intake Massively Oversubscribed
A huge shortage of secondary school places in England means parents will once again be disappointed on national offer day.
- 10,000+ shortfall in top ten councils alone
- Secondary school admissions appeals ‘a regional lottery’
- Children with exceptional social or medical needs caught out by complex forms
According to figures obtained by specialist education law firm Simpson Millar under a Freedom of Information request, numerous councils have received far more secondary school applications than they have spaces for this coming September, with the worst being Hounslow London (2,244), Buckinghamshire (1,983), and Trafford Metropolitan (1,213).
The findings reflect an ongoing issue, with appeals made by parents against their child’s school allocation increasing by 10% between 2014 and 2015. However, only one fifth of those appeals are likely to be successful with parents unable to navigate a complex process.
In certain councils, the appeals success figure is just 3% and a leading education lawyer has urged parents to get their arguments straight, if they are to have any chance of getting the school place they want.Imogen Jolley, head of Education Law at law firm Simpson Millar has also criticised admissions authorities for “camouflaging” requirements for crucial social and medical information which could help parents secure the right place for their child.
| ||How many secondary school places are available in your local authority area? ||For how many children have applications been made for entry to year 7 in 2016? ||Shortfall |
|Hounslow London Borough Council ||2907 ||5151 ||2244 |
|Buckinghamshire County Council * ||6047 ||8030 ||1983 |
|Trafford Metropolitan Borough Council ||3089 ||4302 ||1213 |
|Kent County Council ||17787 ||18812 ||1025 |
|Haringey London Borough Council ||2666 ||3658 ||992 |
|Stockport Metropolitan Borough Council ||3080 ||3768 ||688 |
|Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council* ||3339 ||3955 ||616 |
|Leicester City Council ||3773 ||4281 ||508 |
|Calderdale Metropolitan Borough Council* ||2794 ||3299 ||505 |
|Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council ||3817 ||4291 ||474 |
|Birmingham City Council** ||14128 ||14549 ||421 |
|Ealing London Borough Council ||3356 ||3783 ||427 |
|Merton London Borough Council ||1699 ||2060 ||361 |
|Bury Metropolitan Borough Council ||2340 ||2592 ||252 |
|Waltham Forest London Borough Council ||2950 ||3197 ||247 |
* Includes out of district applications
** Figure includes 447 children with a statement of special educational need or an Education Health and Care Plan.
Unsuccessful appeals “Nationally, 78% of parents had their secondary school appeal rejected last year, according to official figures,”
says Imogen. “In 2015, a record 22,440 parents appealed against the local authority’s decision not to award their child a place at their preferred secondary school – up from 20,237 in 2014.
“We’ve carried out a further review and found staggeringly low appeal success rates in a number of districts including Portsmouth, Westminster, Newham and Kensington, while parents in the Isle of Wight, North Somerset and Barnsley enjoyed some of the country’s highest success rates. This indicates something of a regional lottery when it comes to secondary school appeals.”
|Appeals Decided in Parent's Favour in State Funded Secondary Schools |
|Isle of Wight ||100% ||Hounslow ||4.3% |
|North Somerset ||100% ||Bexley ||3.8% |
|Barnsley ||87.9% ||Bromley ||3.7% |
|Durham ||80.3% ||Wokingham ||3.7% |
|Dorset ||77.1% ||Hammersmith and Fulham ||3.3% |
|Bournemouth ||76.0% ||Kensington and Chelsea ||3.2% |
|Poole ||71.7% ||Newham ||3.2% |
|West Berkshire ||64.9% ||Westminster ||3.1% |
|Telford and Wrekin ||60.0% ||Portsmouth ||0.0% |
Giving priority on social and medical grounds
Although there is no obligation for schools to include social, emotional and medical criteria in their admissions process, a number of them do. Yet local authority schools can been criticised for offering up complex forms which fail to clearly request the necessary information regarding special circumstances.
Imogen Jolley explains: “In case of oversubscription, a significant number of admission authorities now give priority to children that have additional social, emotional or medical needs. But to be successful in securing a place or winning an appeal on those grounds, parents must be able to demonstrate that the child or the family would suffer genuine detriment if their first choice of school is not granted.
“There are numerous and complex reasons why a child could be at a real disadvantage if they are not awarded their first choice of secondary school. A child that has been the subject of extensive bullying, for example, could benefit hugely from attending a secondary school with ‘new’ friends.
“90% of the cases we run, where there is genuine evidence of social, emotional or medical circumstances, are successful. In most cases, parents had all the necessary information to hand when they filled in the application, but it was not clear how and where to include it. In some cases, local authorities have made no effort to help parents in this regard – details of how to provide this information is somewhat hidden or ‘camouflaged’ inside glossy brochures.
“The Independent Appeal Panel often upholds appeals where it is clear that the admissions authority buried guidance on how to provide further social or medical information, or where space on a form for additional information was quite clearly too small to provide a thorough explanation of circumstances. Sadly, many parents cannot face going through the appeals process and simply accept defeat, even though they have a strong case to make on behalf of their child.”
Emma Pearmaine, Director of Family Services at Simpson Millar
says the consequences of missing out on a preferred school place can be detrimental for children of divorced parents: “For parents who are separated, sharing care when a child is rejected from a school local to one or both of them can become extremely difficult. It is the modern principle that children should spend as much time as possible with both parents. In some cases, having an application for a preferred school rejected means a child will spend significantly less time with one parent. This could have a lifetime effect on the child to the detriment of the whole family. Such social considerations should weigh heavily in the decision making of admission authorities but, in many cases, parents are not given the opportunity to explain their circumstances and rationale behind their selection.”
Although a child or family might meet the relevant social or medical criteria, appeals fail because parents misunderstand what is required to be successful.
Imogen explains: “Parents tend to launch appeals based on their child’s academic strengths rather than focusing what is required under the School Admission Appeal Code. The Independent Appeal Panel is not concerned with which school is the best academically for your child, but whether missing out on their first choice will be of genuine detriment. A well evidenced case of harm to the social, emotional or medical needs of the child or a close family member, if the child does not attend that school, is likely to be successful.”
Example social scenario that might meet the admissions criteria
Simpson Millar offers parents a free information pack for making a successful appeal. Last year, the highest number of downloads were from parents in Birmingham, followed by Kent and Hertfordshire.
- Request for conflicting step-children not to attend the same school
- Children with low level Special Educational Needs (i.e. those without a statement of SEN or an EHCP) who may need the support offered at particular school
- A need for a child who has suffered extensive bullying to attend a school in a new area
- The ability of a disabled parent to take their child to school
- A particular area/surrounding causing seasonal problems for a child with pollen allergies
|State funded secondary schools 2014|
| ||Schools admissions Aug 2014 to 2 Oct 2014 ||Appeals lodged ||Appeals heard ||Appeals decided in parent's favour|
|South East ||97,103 ||4,722 ||3,733 ||1,187 |
|North West ||82,504 ||3,653 ||2,983 ||1,031 |
|East of England ||77,298 ||1,894 ||1,328 ||316 |
|West Midlands ||72,380 ||2,484 ||2,019 ||374 |
|South West ||61,900 ||1,306 ||1,069 ||408 |
|Yorkshire and Humber ||61,704 ||2,291 ||1,731 ||525 |
|Outer London ||60,978 ||2,444 ||2,038 ||276 |
|East Midlands ||56,227 ||1,606 ||1,286 ||455 |
|North East ||31,603 ||555 ||456 ||213 |
|Inner London ||30,555 ||1,485 ||1,092 ||84 |
|Regions Where Most Parents Downloaded Simpson Millar’s Appeals Assistance Pack in 2015 |
|Birmingham ||52 ||Manchester ||13 |
|Kent ||27 ||Surrey ||13 |
|Hertfordshire ||26 ||Trafford ||13 |
|Essex ||22 ||West Sussex ||12 |
|Unspecified Regions ||22 ||Bristol, City of ||11 |
|Bradford ||20 ||Enfield ||11 |
|Lancashire ||14 ||Northamptonshire ||11 |
|Liverpool ||14 ||Buckinghamshire ||10 |
|Leeds ||13 ||Lambeth ||10 |