Change of Child Surname Disputes
In England and Wales you can legally change your child’s surname by Deed Poll as long as everyone who has Parental Responsibility agrees. It is always best to take into account the child’s views if they have them. The views of a twelve year old will hold more weight than that of a toddler.
Parents choose to change a child’s surnames for many reasons but usually because they are recently married, divorced or they adopted the child.
Whatever the reason, it can be a sensitive issue. As a result, disputes can happen between the people with Parental Responsibility. Mediation is often the best way to resolve a dispute but if this fails, you can ask the Court to decide.
If you’re in a dispute over your child’s surname, our Family and Child Law Solicitors can help you resolve the dispute. We can help you access mediation and apply for any necessary Court Orders.
For initial advice get in touch with our Family and Child Law Solicitors.
Change a Name with Deed Poll
A Deed Poll is a legal document and it proves a change of name. You can change any part of your name. You can add and remove parts of a name or surname, take out hyphens or change the spelling of a name.
If you ever want to change official documents like your driving licence or passport then you will need a Deed Poll.
If your children are under 18 and you have Parental Responsibility, you have the legal right to change their name by Deed Poll. You can do this by enrolling their name with the Royal Court of Justice.
A mother automatically has Parental Responsibility of her child from birth. If she is married at the time, then the father also automatically has Parental Responsibility.
To have Parental Responsibility when the parents are unmarried, the father must be named on the birth certificate. For this to apply, the child has to be born after 3rd December 1993. He can also get Parental Responsibility with a Court Order or with a Parental Responsibility Agreement.
The Court sets out various guidelines:
- If both parents are married – they both have the power and duty to register their child’s name
- If both were unmarried – only the mother has the power and duty to register the child’s name
Dispute Over Your Child’s Name
If you’re in a dispute over your child’s name, mediation should be the first option to resolve the dispute before issuing Court proceedings.
You can arrange mediation yourself but a Family and Child Law Solicitor can often help by giving you both some things to focus on for the negotiations.
You should both clarify your position on why you want the change of name. A Family and Child Law Solicitor can also tell you if the Court will consider your child’s name change request as reasonable or not.
Mediation is a very important stage. Your child’s interests are what is most important here and it will be better for everyone involved to avoid going to Court.
Mediation usually has to be attended before any Children Act applications, but there are some exceptions. A trained, Family Mediator is independent and can review the situation from both sides. They can offer guidance to you both and hopefully find a reasonable and fair solution.
You should note that any agreements made at Mediation are not legally binding.
If you do reach agreement during Mediation, you can draw up a change of name deed and both parents must sign it.
If you can’t agree at mediation and you still want to change your child’s name, you will have to issue Court Proceedings at your local Family Court.
Any Court Orders made at the Court are enforceable and legally binding.
There are different Court Orders that can be issued by the Family Court. To change a child’s name, you would make a Specific Issue Order or a Prohibited Steps Order to stop the name change when you’ve not given permission.
You will need to prove to the Court that changing your child’s name is in their best interests.
For some children, it’s better to maintain a link to their biological parent, but the Court will look at each person and assess their level of commitment to the child. They will also consider any reasons to refuse the application.
The Outcome of Court Proceedings
It’s common for the Family Court to agree for a child’s surname to be changed to a double barrel, to include the surnames of the separated parents. This is usually the fairest result and it means that each parent has an equally strong role in their child’s life.
Our Family and Child Law Solicitors have many years’ of experience in dealing with disputes over children and can help you.
For initial legal advice call our Family Law and Divorce Solicitors
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